“I went to law school to do international human rights work, but the more I started learning about the justice system in our country… I realized there is human rights work to do at home.”
Assistant Shelby County Public Defender Melody Dernocoeur presented last month at a conference held in one of the world’s most historic legal venues – the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany – site of the famed Nuremberg Trials.
“This place marks a tragedy, but also, it is a point of progress. You experience these overlapping feelings here. When you’re in that room presenting what is aspirational work, you feel part of a process that has come a long way, but still has a long way to go.”
While at Northwestern Law, Dernocoeur became part of a work group developing an international code for all defense counsel practicing before international tribunals and courts. Her group presented its work at the International Nuremberg Principles Academy for the Fifth International Meeting of the Defence.
Dernocoeur started at the Shelby County Public Defender’s Office in November 2016 and recently transferred to the Juvenile Defender Unit. She came to Memphis specifically to advocate for the defense of children.
We are honored that passionate and talented lawyers from the Mid-South and across the country choose to serve the people of Memphis. #DefendGideon#Gaultat50
A Rhodes College professor believes it’s time to reclaim U.S. Supreme Court Justice Abe Fortas
“What does it mean to say a person is a product of a place — to say that Memphis helped to make Justice Fortas?”
Explore Downtown Memphis, statues of W. C. Handy, B.B. King and Elvis are reminders of the musical talent seemingly etched into the DNA of this city. Read an article about Memphians who made history — you’ll see the names of FedEx’s Fred Smith, Holiday Inn’s Kemmons Wilson, the South’s first black millionaire, Robert Church and Piggly Wiggly’s Clarence Saunders.
Yet the Memphian who won the case that created public defense systemsacross the U.S., revolutionized juvenile justice, made the cover of Time Magazine and wrote much of the legislation that built President LBJ’s Great Society, in addition to the legislation that established the U.N. and the Kennedy Center — is but a footnote in Bluff City history.
Born to Jewish immigrants in South Memphis, Abe Fortas became one of the most powerful voices in our country. Yet his fall from grace was fast and stunning, so complicating his legacy that even his hometown barely acknowledges his roots.
Now, more than 50 years after his most famous courtroom victory, a Rhodes College professor has published an article that challenges history…. and Memphis… to give the legacy of Abe Fortas another look.
“Scholars have largely ignored Fortas’s early life – they’ve skipped straight to Yale Law School and the New Deal in their discussions of the forces that shaped him,” said Timothy Huebner. “But Memphis played an important part, too. ”
“Ever since I learned that Fortas graduated from Southwestern (now Rhodes College) I have been interested in writing about him,” said Huebner. “As a historian of the Supreme Court and a Rhodes professor, I felt like I had a personal connection to him.
Huebner is the Sternberg Professor of History at Rhodes College, where he has taught the history of the American South and U.S. Constitutional History for the past twenty-two years. He is the author of Liberty and Union: The Civil War Era and American Constitutionalism (2016). His piece on Fortas was published in November.
“Abe Fortas was shaped by the racial and economic inequity that marked early 20th Century Memphis, as well as his liberal arts education. His Memphis experiences and college education instilled in him a unique dedication to the rights of poor and marginalized people.”
The Vera Institute of Justice has put out this interactive map to show just how many people are caged in jails or prisons across the country — county by county.
Shelby county’s jail incarceration rate in 2015 was 875.7 per 100,000 people. Compare that to Davidson the same year at 539.3 per 100,000.
One of the most troubling statistics is that jail admission rates in 2015 were at their lowest point since 2009, yet length of stay in the jail in 2015 was climbing to its highest rate since 2012.
And among urban centers, Shelby County ranks in the Top 10 for highest pretrial incarceration rates. The use of pretrial detention is driving jail overuse nationally. Click here and check “Urban” to see where Shelby county ranks.
Some promising news, the number of people from Shelby County in state prisons is down to the same level it was is 2008.
You can check out all the Shelby County incarcerations trends dating back to 1970 by clicking here. See the entire interactive map of incarceration in the United States and compare county by county here.